Etiology and Risk Management

Blood pressure is determined by two factors as the amount of blood the heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more the blood is pumped by the heart and narrower is the artery the blood pressure is increased. High Blood Pressure is caused based on many risk factors as age, race, family history, being overweight or obese, not being physically active, using tobacco, addition of excess sodium (salt) in the diet, decreased amount of potassium in the diet, little amount of Vitamin D in the diet, consuming too much alcohol, and high stress. This High Blood Pressure leads to many complications such as heart attack or stroke, aneurysm, heart failure, weekend or narrowed blood vessels in kidneys, thickened narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes, metabolic syndrome, and trouble with memory and understanding. Important medications followed to treat high blood pressure are Thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor blockers, Calcium channel blockers, and Renin inhibitors. Additional medications used for treating are alpha blockers, alpha-beta blockers, Central-acting agents, Vasodilators, Aldosterone antagonists.  Dietary control can help in managing the risk of High Blood Pressure and make the body suitable for taking in of medicine. 

  • Track 1-1 Types of Blood Pressure
  • Track 2-2 Risk Factors
  • Track 3-3 Complication
  • Track 4-4 Elevated PRA (Plasma Renin Activity)
  • Track 5-5 Endothelial Dysfunction
  • Track 6-6 Renal Sodium Retention
  • Track 7-7 Dietary Condition

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