Aldosteronism is a hormonal disorder that leads to hypertension. The excessive secretion of the hormone aldosterone disturbs the balance of sodium, potassium, and water in the blood. The production of excess secretion of aldosterone in the adrenal gland causes the loss of potassium and retaining of sodium alone. The excess sodium takes in water which increases blood volume and blood pressure. This can be cured by taking proper medications, change of lifestyles and surgery when required. The decrease in potassium level leads to weakness in the body, excess secretion of the urine and also muscle cramps. The important cause for aldosteronism is Conn’s syndrome. In children and young adults, there is a type of primary aldosteronism called glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism which causes high blood pressure. It is confirmed as aldosteronism if the High blood pressure is associated with low potassium levels in the screening.
- Track 1-1 Types and Classification
- Track 2-2 Treatment Aids