Acute hypertension - when the blood pressure is greater than 180/120mm Hg. This is classified as hypertension urgencies and hypertension emergencies. Hypertension urgency is not target organ damage oriented whereas hypertension emergency affects neurologic, aortic, renal, cardiac and pregnancy-related damages. As far now, hypertension emergency has been treated using intravenous antihypertensive pharmacotherapy based on the type of organ that is damaged. Hypertension urgency is also known as asymptomatic elevated blood pressure. Hypertensive emergency patients should be maintained in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) where they are closely monitored for signs of iatrogenic target organ damage. The neurologic damage in acute hypertension emergencies is acute stroke, seizure, and retinopathy. Depending on the presence or absence of the target organ damage acute hypertension is categorized as hypertensive emergency and hypertensive urgency.
- Track 1-1 Classification
- Track 2-2 Urgencies
- Track 3-3 Emergencies
- Track 4-4 Hypertensive Crisis
- Track 5-5 Malignant Hypertension