Memon Medical Institute Hospital, Pakistan
Title: INFLUENCE OF UPPER LIMB AND LOWER LIMB EXERCISE IN REVIVING BLOOD PRESSURE IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS
Anum Salman has completed her MSc at the age of 24 years from Liaquat National Hospital in neuromusculoskeletal rehabilitation. She is working as a physiotherapist in Memon Medical Institute Hospital and has more than 3 years of clinical experience
Background: Hypertension is the leading cardiovascular problem worldwide. Hypertension persists in the patient for a long time without any symptom which results in weakening of coronary vessels. Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, neuropathy and coronary artery disease. Increase blood pressure and lack of exercise is strongly associated with each other.
Aims and objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of lower limb (cycling) and upper limb exercises (arm stretch trainer) in reducing blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
Method: Case-control study was performed on 80 participants with the age between 40 - 60 years. Participants taken for the study were divided into two groups. Group A with 40 participants was receiving upper limb exercises and the Group B with 40 participants were receiving lower limb exercises. Total 10 sessions of both types of exercises were administered.
Result: A statistically significant difference was found in systolic and diastolic pressure before and after the exercises. Systolic blood pressure was reduced to 133.95±4.187 after lower limb exercise and 171.800±5.616 after upper limb exercise. Whereas, diastolic blood pressure was reduced to 84.500±2.83 by using lower limb cycling exercise and 92.27±3.40 by using upper limb exercise. t-test result shows a p-value less than 0.005 of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Conclusion: Both the exercise have impact in reducing blood pressure but patients who want quick recovery should go for lower limb exercises.